Islam, simply put, means peace: peace with God, with all His creatures, and inner peace – through total submission to God’s will and guidance.
Islam is not a new faith. According to Muslims, he carries the same message that God revealed through all his prophets to every nation. For one fifth of the world’s population, Islam is not only a religion, but also a way of life.
Islam is based on the premise that God has the highest sovereignty over us. Being a Muslim does not mean giving up your own culture or traditions, but adopting simple and logical rules necessary to achieve peace and a better quality of life.
Five Pillars of Islam
Basis of Islam without which a person can not be considered muslim and that is believing in – “There is no God but ALLAH, and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the messenger of ALLAH.”
Standing for prayer five times a day.
Fajr – First prayer of the day. Its time is before sunrise.
- Dhuhr – Second prayer of the day. Its time is after the sun has reach zenith.
- Asr – Third prayer of the day. There are two school of thoughts on Asr prayer. Imam Shafa’i, Imam Malik & Imam Ahmad-bin-Hanbal rules that its time starts when the shadow of a stick become equal to its lenght. Imam Abu-Hanifa rules that its time starts when shadow of stick become twice of its length.
- Maghrib – Fourth prayer of the day. Its time is right after the sunset.
- Isha – Fifth prayer of the day. Its time starts when the twilight disappears and night becomes dark.
Saum or Fasting from dawn to dusk, in the month of Ramadan, which is 9th month of Hijri calendar.
Muslims abstain from eating or drinking anything and indulging in physical relationship with their spouse during the time of fasting, that is between dawn and dusk.
An annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims.
Hajj is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and of supporting their family during their absence from home. absence from home.